Frederick Evert Kredel (1903-1961) was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He graduated from Johns Hopkins Medical School in 1929. While a student, Dr. Kredel worked in the Harvard laboratory of the renowned surgeon Dr. Harvey Cushing. Dr. Kredel was the first full-time professor of surgery at the Medical College of the State of South Carolina, where he taught from 1937-1961. In 1943, he was named Head of the Department of Surgery and Surgeon-in-Chief of Roper Hospital. Dr. Kredel was a prolific writer of scientific papers on a wide range of topics, and was active in numerous organizations, including the Society of University Surgeons, the Charleston County Medical Society, and the South Carolina Chapter of the American College of Surgeons. In 1970, the Department of Surgery at the Medical University of South Carolina established the Frederick E. Kredel Honorary Professorship in honor of Dr. Kredel.
The Frederick E. Kredel, M.D. Papers include certificates and honors from numerous organizations, including the University of Chicago, the Selective Service System, the Medical Society of South Carolina, and the the Southeastern Surgical Congress. The collection contains correspondence, drafts of Dr. Kredel's published works, and speeches and addresses given by Dr. Kredel. Dr. Kredel studied zoology before becoming a surgeon, and the highlight of the collection is his scrapbook of his 1925 zoological research trip with Dr. Samuel H. Williams to Kartabo, British Guiana. Dr. Kredel studied sloths on the trip, and the scrapbook includes photos of sloths and other animals he observed while in Kartabo. Also included in the collection are a bibliography of Dr. Kredel's published works and a brief biography.